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Giordano Bruno. The magic.

Giordano Bruno argues in the book ‘De la Magia’ that the absolute vacuum does not exist, there is no space not occupied by any form of matter: In any space, empty as it may seem, there are bodies moving and passing but the invisible air particles, which are also matter. The objects of the world are not isolated from each other, among them there is a continuum of matter, he states; imperceptible space among perceptible bodies is a continuum, rather than separate, mediates between them, communicates and keeps them united. The air (or 'aerial or ethereal spirit' as Bruno calls) is an imperceptible body, in principle, to our senses but by itself is a true physical intermediary continuous among all bodies, which is endowed with great activity and effectiveness upon the soul, that is closely united to it, he says, and has a strong resemblance to it, at a time that is very different from substance of thicker perceptible objects that it links.
"The vacuum, i.e. a space without bodi…

A physical mind but not just organic

Throughout history, in different times and in different areas of thought, mind was very differently conceived than we do today. Here is shown an unconventional design to modern science, which is the idea of soul as something material, in one hand, yet not totally contained within the physical limits of the body or located in any specific part of the body, in the other. This idea, that can be shocking, is that of an 'extensive' soul, a material element that acts on the body. This soul would be 'made' of a non-solid, much more subtle than the body, almost imperceptible, like air or breath, but also physical.
Initially it is difficult to understand a conception like this, in which the most human, what defines us as persons, ceases to be located within 'us' in the misunderstanding that 'we' are simply 'our body'. In our interpretation the soul as an exclusive product of nervous system function disappeares, it does not 'emerge' spectacularly fr…

Vital force

Bergson said "the spirit embraces the past, while the body is confined in a present that constantly begins again and again". Indeed, our mind handles content that come from the past but it works organically in the pure present, which is constantly renewed independently of those memories. All true operation, mental or of any kind, necessarily occurs in the present... We do not perceive the present in a pure way, we can only to intuit; it is a hidden variable to our direct knowledge and we just can make suppositions, because all perception is contaminated by traces of the past, by the knowledge we have been setting over time. Memories shape our perception of objects and events that occur now. However everything real occurs now, in 'a present that continually starts again and again' and in which we are confined. It seems a terrible paradox. The present is the duration of the phenomena, the duration of the actions of our body and our perceptual and cognitive systems. The p…

The consciousness and the brain

Every time we attend to somewhat, there is an idea which directs our mind, from the set of possible ideas that have some relevance to the specific situation we experience, which is the 'guiding idea', common to them all. It shares elements with all of them, relates to them, organizes them. It is the idea that prevails in the effort we make to adjust our mind to reality, when our consciousness works to give a fitting response to perceived reality. The diversity and richness of possible thoughts concretes every moment, in this way, in a single thought. Mental effort and intelligence consist precisely in that: the action of selecting the best idea of all possible. It is a more or less intense effort but in any case it is always an activity of intellectual discernment, since 'all possible ideas' can be many and they keep some relationship (more remote or less) all with the situation, 'are analogous each other or are coordinated with each other', says Bergson, thus …

The states of consciousness

Consciousness has differences in intensity. There are different levels of awareness and conscience. We can be very activated and concerned at certain times and in certain situations, and little in others. There are obvious differences between sleep and relaxation states, on the one hand, and states of emergency and activation on the other. Consciousness reaches more lively in times of crisis, when we hesitate between two or more decisions we know they are important, where we understand that much is at stake, which can be decisive for our adjustment, even for our survival, when we choose something really new, unforeseen, and anticipate possibilities that we had not thought of. The more we create or decide the future, the stronger consciousness and the greater intelligence we mobilize. Moreover, low activation states of consciousness that are dreams, according to Bergson, appear when memory and sensations converge. They obey to something we remember but that is just a feeling, that is &#…

Consciousness, joy, intelligence and society.

Consciousness is what drives us forward, is what decides, what sets targets, what defines our fate. And there is a fundamental sign of the achievement of this goals and satisfaction of our personal motivations, which is joy. Bergson says: "The joy always announces that life has triumphed, that has gained ground, that has achieved a victory: any great joy has a triumphant accent. Wherever joy is, creation is: As creation is richer, joy is more profound. The mother who watches her son is joyful, because she is conscious of having created him, physically and morally. The trader who carries out his business, the factory owner who sees his industry prosper, is he joyful because of the money he earns and the notoriety he acquires? Richness and consideration obviously come much satisfaction he feels, but they bring pleasure rather than joy, and what he enjoys with true joy is the feeling of having mounted a company that marches, of having called something to life. Take exceptional joys,…

Consciousness

We all have an idea of what consciousness is, but it is not easy to give a definition. Consciousness would be something that every moment is present in our minds in our experience... You can say that it is a working knowledge of the world around us and ourselves, we feel it as exclusively ours and we use it to make personal decisions. We understand that consciousness is something that defines us as individuals. It is knowledge about ourselves and our situation at present, which puts us in the world and directs our behavior.
Memory is a necessary condition of consciousness, because without memory there is no knowledge nor therefore consciousness. Bergson said that memory is indeed the most obvious feature of consciousness: "Consciousness means first memory. Memory may be not wide; it may embrace only a small part of the past; it may not hold more than what just happened; but memory is there, or then consciousness is not. A consciousness that does not retain anything of his past, wh…

Henri Bergson

'Others will dig even deeper. Under these joys and these sadnesses that can ultimately be translated into words, they will catch something that has nothing in common with words, certain rhythms of life and breathing that are more interior to man than his innermost feelings, alive law being, variable with each person, of his depression and exaltation, of his sorrows and hopes. By releasing, exacerbating this music, they will impose it to our attention; they will make us insert ourselves into it involuntarily, as walkers entering a dance. And through it they will lead us to shake too, completely inside of us, something that has been waiting the moment to vibrate.'

Henri Bergson, L'energie spirituelle

The Splendor of the Fruits of the Trip

What Arabi calls deity or spirit is not static quite the contrary. In fact it is as variable as our mind or our soul, which is terribly labile. Moreover, our soul 'moves' as much as do, because 'the spirit of the universe' moves it, he says. 'Divinity itself 'travels'. And it does so by way of life-giving 'blow', breath, giving live and keeping all creation as a great blower without location or form. But the divine journey is not, however, a route or a linear displacement, like the creatures experience, but a renewed creation at every moment, a sort of pumping or beating, than a moment after another, as a heart present everywhere and nowhere, keep alive and awake the cosmos'. So clever summarizes Carlos Varona Narvión, from the meticulous knowledge of the translator, in the introduction to El esplendor de los frutos del viaje. There is always in creation (and all creation is creation of our mind) a mixture of body and spirit that is where it reac…