Skip to main content

Posts

Showing posts from 2013

Thought by Servetus

Mind is the faculty of thinking. Basically consists in the ability to identify elements that are common and to discern those that are different from the information provided by senses and memory. Based on this 'scrutiny', similar ideas, or similar elements, are combined in new ideas or elements, are inferred ones from others, are associated or simply are mixed or differentiated themselves, Servetus explains. This activity is not performed in the metaphysical vacuum or in a non-physical manner. The complex vascular network of brain and nerves machine performs it. But even this machinery does not create mind out of nothing, it is not as magical and wonderful. It isn’t an 'unmoved mover', it does not work in an isolated way by itself, but is moved and fed by the 'air-spiritus', which has an inherent 'logos' that is expressed in the comings and goings of thought in time, in the flow of temporal evolution of consciousness. This is, according to Servetus, what…

Prana, qi, ki...

‘Prana’ is a Sanskrit word for breath or ‘air inspired’ (from the verb ‘pran’: aspire), but also means ‘universal and invisible energy that enters the body through breathing’. Prana is a physical principle that permeates all forms of life, that which gives life and wisdom to beings and that is or comes from a kind of ‘universal spirit’. The first mention of the word ‘prana’ appears in the Rig-Veda, the oldest text of India, in the mid-second millennium B.C.
Prana shares the global sense of ‘air-life-wisdom’ with many terms of different ancient cultures: Greek ‘psyché’ and ‘pneuma’, Hebrew ‘ruach’ and ‘néfesh’, Latin ‘spiritus’ and ‘anemos’, Arabic ‘ruh’... or the Hindu atman, which also means soul while air or breath. (See the post ‘Pneuma...’ of this blog). Often, too, prana is confused with jiva, another Sanskrit term for soul-air, as there is a close connection between them. Jiva, in particular, would be the portion of air or prana which is located specifically in the cavity of the h…

Prana in the dictionary

Air, breath, life, wisdom...
Sanskrit-English Dictionary,Monier Monier-Williams (1819-1899).


Michael Servetus, the pneumatic mind.

Servetus exhibits in his thesis that "air spirit" (air) is carried by blood from lungs to heart and brain, the same that happened in that the original divine inspiration, the Creation one, the Genesis one, says Servetus. Hence every new inspiration and ulterior illumination stimulates that. In each inspiration “pneuma” or “spirit” enters the lungs. This air, by blood circulation, illuminates the mind when arrives to brain, continuously, blow to blow, breath to breath. Soul quality depends, at structural explanation, on conformation and disposition of blood vessels in the brain, recognized Servet. At the functional level, however, depends on the quality of “spirit” that enters these vessels. Servetus speaks of bad spirits and good spirits acting in the cavities of the ventricles of the brain. And as pointed out A. Alcalá, with bad spirit Servetus do not mean "evil spirit" or “demon”, but simply notes that the "spirit" (air) can be physiologically and mental…

Michael Servetus, the mechanism.

The most recognized contribution of Servetus to science is the first description of minor circulation of blood, which exposes in his work The first description of blood circulation. It is recognized a great value to, totally deserved, since it was not known at the time the existence of pulmonary circulation of blood. This writing is an excellent lesson in anatomy and physiology of the moment. But to Servetus it was not an exclusive anatomical and physiological matter but much more, as he always expressed. What Servetus really intended was to make a "divine philosophy" that meets "the complete knowledge of the soul and of the spirit". The discovery of the pulmonary circulation of the blood means to him the empirical understanding of the functioning mechanism of “soul” and “human spirit”. In Latin spiritus, and the Greek pneuma, mean, on the physical plane, air, and also breath or blow, and even what we now understand as wave or vibration. On a philosophical level the…

Michael Servetus, unitary mysticism and science.

Servetus's work is unique in the attempt to unite two spheres of human reason that are seemingly as far away as beliefs of Christian mysticism on the one hand, and empirical experience and scientific knowledge on the other. In history of philosophy, history of science and history of religions has always been considered that there are two quite distinct and irreconcilable areas of experience. Servetus, exceptionally, unites them. And he did, indeed, from the idea of ​​pneuma, a form of 'spirit' that enters the body through breathing and blood circulation and acts very powerfully on mind. Servetus made an extensive and interesting collection of Christian writings that support this idea. He thinks materialistic as the ancient Greeks, but in his case from the core of Christianity and basing it on the Christian dogmas! In the first book of De Trinitatis Erroribus Servetus states that Christ is in spirit of God and that it is located in the sky, from the beginning to the end of t…

Hippocratic soul

As theobject of study oftheHippocratic school is bodyand its diseases, it is not surprisingthat theHippocratic physicians defended a physical viewof the soul, but interestinglymainlyphysicalrather thanbodily. Ifthepre-Socratic philosophers agreed to say thatthe air, or anythingassociated with it, was the universalprincipleand spiritual elementpar excellence, or the universal soul or primus motor that said Aristotle, theHippocraticparticularlydiscussed concretes air conditionssuch as wind, temperature and humidity,that affect the bodyand mind and their healthy or pathologicalfunctioning. The fifth sectionofthe Aphorisms of Hippocratic Tractatumalludestopneuma, thatmeant"breath" or "air" and spirit or soul too.Hippocraticcalledpneumatoair insidethe body, andjust "air" when outof it. Throughthe mouth, nose, or skin surface, air penetrates the bodyand becomespneuma. The functions of pneuma are: feeding, refresh, revive, drive, etc the different tissuesandorgan…

Primus Motor

Religionssuch as ChristianityandBuddhism, and philosophers such as Aristotle, say that Godand reason arethe same thing,or at leastarevery similar. Reason isthat which flowsand is "the greatest good of man".Of course, reason is the only thing thatcan bringhappiness to us in a moreor less stable path, if we are smart and observantenoughand we are rightin findingthe elusivetruth, every day, over and over again(whichis not easy, it’sobvious). Reason is the appearing worldflow; therefore it istime,"logos", sequentialactivityof mind.It is reason, ultimately, that we experience asthe continuing searchfor truth, the multipletruths, also truthsday to day,the search for meaning of the things of theworld and thetimes and situationsin life. Reason, then, is somethinghighly fickle. Reasonisthe evolutionitselfof what we perceive of the world,the evolutionoflife situations, while the evolutionof the mind.It is not, therefore, any static nor unique to eachparticularperson, but on t…