Skip to main content


The wind spirits away the mind

Rapture of Psyche by Zephyrus. Allegory of the abduction of the psyche (mind, soul) by the wind. 
Zephyrus was one of the four divinities of air, namely that corresponds to west wind, of the Greek mythology. Son of Astreo and Eos, it was considered the mildest and most benign of the winds. According to the myth, he served Eros by abducting Psyché and taking her to his cave.  The wind literally abducts the psyche and leaves it in the hands of love and desire (Eros).
The 'psyché', according to the etymology of the word, is already in itself the 'breath of air'. It is the breath that gives us life, mainly gives us the soul and the understanding.

Thus our soul and our mind, ethereal by themselves, are completely at the mercy of the air.

Recent posts

Mind, body and environment.

Memory is not a 'copy' of reality. The past is not in our memory. It is there as little as the future is. The mind is present activity. Contents that mind produces, about what has already happened or what might happen, are the result of its activity, they are not the mind. Brands of memory remain with some of our experiences, but the fact we want to see in these brands the reality itself or a reproduction of it is due to the bias of our anthropocentric and psychologizing vision, by which we replace the world by the contents of thought.
Our mind does not work like a computer, says R. Epstein. Our brain actually is not an information store. Our brain, strictly speaking, does not process information nor recovers knowledge nor saves memories. The computer is just a metaphor. What the brain does, more or less, is to resonate with reality; it is like a soundboard that, as everything, operates in the present, not in the past or in the future. It works in the physical present, with ele…

Psychology and Life

The more certain existence and the better we know is indisputably ours, because, of all other objects, we possess external and superficial triable notions, while we perceive ourselves internally, deeply. What do we check then? What is, in this exceptional case, the meaning of the verb 'to exist'? First I see that I passage from one state to another state. I'm cold or heat, I'm happy or sad, I work or do nothing, I look around me or think about something else. Sensations, feelings, volitions, representations, such are the modifications among which distributes my existence and which color it alternately. I change, then, without ceasing. (p.13)
Thus the anthology of Henri Bergson (1957), conducted by Gilles Deleuze, starts, with this text of L'évolution creatrice, direct and full of content. And follows:
(...) I say, and rightly so, that I change, but the change seems to reside in the passage from one state to the next state: for each state, considered separately, I bel…

Marcus Aurelius. The inner guide.

In life, unless you want to be miserable, you must find your way, the real reason of your existence, and not depend as a puppet of what others think, say or do. You have to have clear ideas of what you want and get away from the distractions and do not act because of hypocrisy or selfishness, believing to adapt to 'souls' of others, which in reality you do not know (probably you do not even know yours). This is the direction in which you should work, Marcus Aurelius keeps in his Meditations.It's your soul which you must find and you should go; you must respect primarily the soul that belongs to you and not depend on the souls of others, although you also have to want to understand them, but you need to know the movements of yours first, and from these those of others. The main goal of our life is to know the real nature of our soul, and its place in the souls of other people around us.
"At all hours, deal with resolve, to do what you have in your hands with timely and …

Giordano Bruno. The magic.

Giordano Bruno argues in the book ‘De la Magia’ that the absolute vacuum does not exist, there is no space not occupied by any form of matter: In any space, empty as it may seem, there are bodies moving and passing but the invisible air particles, which are also matter. The objects of the world are not isolated from each other, among them there is a continuum of matter, he states; imperceptible space among perceptible bodies is a continuum, rather than separate, mediates between them, communicates and keeps them united. The air (or 'aerial or ethereal spirit' as Bruno calls) is an imperceptible body, in principle, to our senses but by itself is a true physical intermediary continuous among all bodies, which is endowed with great activity and effectiveness upon the soul, that is closely united to it, he says, and has a strong resemblance to it, at a time that is very different from substance of thicker perceptible objects that it links.
"The vacuum, i.e. a space without bodi…

A physical mind but not just organic

Throughout history, in different times and in different areas of thought, mind was very differently conceived than we do today. Here is shown an unconventional design to modern science, which is the idea of soul as something material, in one hand, yet not totally contained within the physical limits of the body or located in any specific part of the body, in the other. This idea, that can be shocking, is that of an 'extensive' soul, a material element that acts on the body. This soul would be 'made' of a non-solid, much more subtle than the body, almost imperceptible, like air or breath, but also physical.
Initially it is difficult to understand a conception like this, in which the most human, what defines us as persons, ceases to be located within 'us' in the misunderstanding that 'we' are simply 'our body'. In our interpretation the soul as an exclusive product of nervous system function disappeares, it does not 'emerge' spectacularly fr…

Vital force

Bergson said "the spirit embraces the past, while the body is confined in a present that constantly begins again and again". Indeed, our mind handles content that come from the past but it works organically in the pure present, which is constantly renewed independently of those memories. All true operation, mental or of any kind, necessarily occurs in the present... We do not perceive the present in a pure way, we can only to intuit; it is a hidden variable to our direct knowledge and we just can make suppositions, because all perception is contaminated by traces of the past, by the knowledge we have been setting over time. Memories shape our perception of objects and events that occur now. However everything real occurs now, in 'a present that continually starts again and again' and in which we are confined. It seems a terrible paradox. The present is the duration of the phenomena, the duration of the actions of our body and our perceptual and cognitive systems. The p…